|Castleford's history dates back to Roman times, as it is said to have been built upon a Roman army settlement. Roman funeral urns have been found in modern-day Castleford, giving further evidence to this theory. A Roman milestone was unearthed in Beancroft Road, now believed to be in Leeds City Museum.
Queen's Park in Castleford provides evidence of round houses used by the Anglo Saxons. This was a strategic area due to the views of the entire settlement. Castleford history includes Oliver Cromwell's encampment in the town.[
In the 19th century, Castleford became a boomtown with the population growing from 1,000 to 14,000 as collieries opened around the town. However, these collieries closed in the 20th century. The Ferrybridge Power Station and the Kellingley Colliery in nearby town Knottingley employ Castleford residents, as do the warehouses and distribution centres in Glasshoughton.
In 2008 Grand Designs presenter Kevin McCloud and Channel 4 led a community regeneration scheme to redevelop Castleford.